Fall Protection systems are a series of back-up plans for the possibility that a worker may fall off the elevated construction site, with the primary goal of diminishing, if not eliminating potential injuries.
Types of Fall Protection Systems
There a wide array of devices a fall protection system that could help when a worker may plummet to a free fall, or help avoid the worker losing balance that causes many accidents.
- Fall Arrest System – The fall arrest system is used when the worker in an elevated position and is danger of falling.
- Positioning Systems – The positioning systems is employed to restrain the worker, minimizing the risk of falling while allowing the freedom of hand movement to the worker at an elevated position.
Components of a Fall Protection Systems
Both these systems employ three major components to them, first are the harnesses and belts, the connection devices and the tie-off points.
- Full-body Harnesses and Belts – Full-body outfits wrap around the midriff, shoulders and legs. A D-ring situated at the back’s center gives a point of connection for the cords or other fall arrest connection gadgets. Belts are utilized as a part of situating framework applications. These belts have two side D-rings, furthermore, are utilized just to restrain a laborer in position. This kind of belt isn’t utilized for any vertical free fall assurance.
- Attachment Location – The attachment of the body harness must situated at the back’s center, either on shoulder level or above the worker’s head.
- Body Harnesses – these devices are made to ease the stress that is made to the body in an actual case of free falling. It is also designed that the worker can still be able to move while wearing the harness. Remember, do not use these devices to carry loads as these are not designed for those.
- Vertical Lifelines/ Lanyards – these are the cords connected to the attachment of the body harnesses, they must possess a minimum breaking strength of 5000 pounds, and must not be easily cut or chafed.
- Self-retracting Lifeline/ Lanyards – These are devices that make sure that the free fall of a worker is only up to a certain distance, often 2 feet. As quality assurance they must withstand 3000 pounds of minimum load when they are in their extended length.
- Horizontal Lifelines – the devices are created to be installed and used by trained professionals, these is a of a complete personal fall arrest that need the supervision of another person.
Orthopedic Injury/ Suspension Trauma
There are still risks that the workers must face other that falling to their death, that is the injury experienced when using the fall arrest systems. The longer exposure to hanging can cause orthopedic intolerance, that might can the worker injuries, or in some cases death. Some researchers suggest that when left for more than 30 minutes in suspension, the probability of death is increased.
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